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东莞市城镇污水处理提质增效潜力分析

发布时间:2020-03-09    浏览次数:6895


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作者简介:戴永康,广东东莞人,硕士,日本作爱视频免费播放技术管理部技术员。


DAOYU:JINNIANLAI,DONGGUANSHIJIAKUAICHENGSHISHENGHUOWUSHUISHOUJICHULIXITONG“TIZHIZENGXIAO”,QUANMIANTISHENGWUSHUICHULINENGLI。GENJUDONGGUANSHIBUFENCHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGHEWUSHUIGUANWANGYUNXINGDESHIJIQINGKUANG,CESUANWUSHUICHULICHANGTIBIAODAOZHUNⅣLEISHUIHEWANSHANJIEWUGUANWANGLIANGZHONGQINGXINGXIADEWURANWUXUEJIANLIANGTISHENGQIANLI,BINGDUIWUSHUICHULITIZHIZENGXIAOJINGJIXIAOYIJINXINGFENXI。JIEGUOBIAOMING,RUOJIANGCHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGQUANBUTIBIAODAOZHUNⅣLEI,KEFENBIEXINZENGCOD、ANDANXUEJIANLIANG1715.05、125.73 t/a,RUOTUIDONGDONGGUANSHIWUSHUIGUANWANGQUANFUGAIYIJILAOJIUWUSHUIGUANWANGGAIZAOHEXIUFUGAISHAN,KEFENBIEXINZENGCOD、ANDANXUEJIANLIANG56570.99 t/a、11056.60 t/a。YINCI,TISHENGWUSHUIGUANWANGSHOUJICHULINENGLIBIWUSHUICHULICHANGQUANBUTIBIAODEXIAOGUOGENGXIANZHU,TONGSHITICHUWUSHUICHULITIZHIZENGXIAOZHONG“CHANGWANGBINGZHONG” “CHANGWANGYITI”HE“ZHIHUICHANGWANG”SANFANGMIANJIANYI,KEXUEHELIDITISHENGDONGGUANSHIWUSHUICHULIXIAONENG。

《CHENGZHENWUSHUICHULITIZHIZENGXIAOSANNIANXINGDONGFANGAN》(2019—2021NIAN),YAOQIUJIAKUAIWANSHANCHENGSHISHENGHUOWUSHUISHOUJICHULIXITONGHEXUEJIANHELIUZHIYILIUWURAN。TANGJIANGUODENGRENWEI“TIZHIZENGXIAO”SANNIANXINGDONGJIHUADEZHONGDIANZAIYUGAISHANWUSHUISHOUJIXITONG,ZAISHENRUPAICHADEJICHUSHANG,ZHONGDIANJIEJUEWUSHUIZHIPAI、QINGWUBUFEN、HANJIGUANDAOCHAOFUHE、WUSHUICHULICHANGJINSHUINONGDUPIANDI、GUANDAOJINIDUODENGWENTI,CONGERSHIXIANWUSHUIBUJINHE、QINGSHUIBUJINGUAN、YILIUSHAOWURAN,ZHICHENGXIAOCHUCHENGSHIHEICHOUSHUITIZHENGZHIHEGONGGUTISHENGZHENGZHICHENGXIAO。

YUJIDAO2020NIANDI,DONGGUANSHIJIANGWANCHENG35JIAWUSHUICHULICHANGDETIBIAOGAIZAOGONGCHENG,LEIJIJIANCHENG5500kmJIEWUGUANWANG,ZHUJIANGOUJIANCHENGYIGEWANZHENGDEWUSHUIZHILITIXI。DANZAIYIJIANWUSHUICHULICHANGHEWUSHUIGUANWANGYUNWEIGUOCHENGZHONGZHUJIANFAXIANLEYIXIEWENTI,YOUYANJIUZHICHUDONGGUANSHIGEZHENQUXIANZHUANGPAISHUITIZHIDUOSHUWEIYUWUHELIUZHI,YUSHUIHEWUSHUIPAIFANGMEIYOUXINGCHENGXITONG,DALIANGDEYUWUHELIUSHUIYILIUJINRUHEDAO,ZHIJIEDUIHEYONGSHUITIZAOCHENGWURAN,LINGWAIYEYOUYANJIUZHICHUZAIDONGGUANSHICHENGSHIWUSHUIGUANWANGZHONG,WULUNSHIZHUGANGUANWANGHAISHIJIEWUGUANWANG,JUNCUNZAIDALIANGHUNJIE、CUOJIEQINGKUANG,SHIJIYUNYINGZHONGWUSHUICHANGJINSHUILIANGHEJINSHUINONGDUYULILUNSHEJIZHIJUNBUPIPEI,DAOZHIYUNYINGNANDUZENGDAHECHENGBENZENGJIA。TIBIAOGAIZAOGONGCHENGLUXUTOUCHANHOU,DONGGUANSHIWUSHUICHULICHANGJIANGPUBIANZHIXING《CHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGWURANWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN》(GB18918—2002)YIJIABIAOZHUNJIGUANGDONGSHENG《SHUIWURANWUPAIFANGXIANZHI》(DB44/26—2001)DIFANGBIAOZHUNZHONGDEZUIYANZHI,DANWEISHUIWURANWUNONGDURENGRANNANYIMANZURIYIYANGEDEPAIFANGBIAOZHUNHEHUANJINGJIANGUAN。

WEILEKEXUECHIXUTISHENGDONGGUANSHIWUSHUICHULIXIAONENG,JIEHEGAISHIWUSHUICHULIXIANZHUANG,FENBIEDUICHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGCHUSHUIBIAOZHUNTISHENGZHIDIBIAOSHUIZHUNⅣLEIHEWUSHUIGUANWANGWANSHANGONGCHENGJINXINGXIAOYIFENXI,DUIBILIANGZHETISHENGWURANWUXUEJIANQIANLI,HELITICHUCHENGZHENWUSHUICHULITIZHIZENGXIAODECEZHONGDIAN。


1.东莞市污水处理提质增效潜力分析

1.1CHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGCHULIXIANZHUANG

GENJUDONGGUANSHICHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGDESHIJIQINGKUANG,YANJIUDUIXIANGXUANDINGWEI12ZUOYIWENDINGSHENGCHANDECHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANG。GENJU2018NIANDONGGUANSHIWUSHUICHULICHANGSHIJIZHIXINGDEPAIFANGBIAOZHUNJINXINGFENLEI,12ZUOWUSHUICHANGDEQINGKUANGRUBIAO1SUOSHI。

众鑫棋牌BIAO1 DONGGUANSHI12ZUOCHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGXIANZHUANG

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1.2CHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGTIBIAOGAIZAOQIANLIFENXI

众鑫棋牌GEMUBIAOWUSHUICHULICHANGSHIJIZHIXINGDECHUSHUIBIAOZHUN,FENWEI“ZHUNⅣLEI+DIFANGBIAOZHUN” “YIJIA+DIFANGBIAOZHUN”HE“YIJIB+DIFANGBIAOZHUN”SANLEI,DUIYINGDEWUSHUICHULIGUIMOFENBIEWEI20×104、26.25×104HE57×104m3/d。GENJUCHENWEIDENGDEYANJIUFANGFA,JISUANDECHU12ZUOCHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGTIBIAOGAIZAOXINZENGWURANWUXUEJIANLIANGLILUNZHI,JIEGUOJIANBIAO2。


BIAO2 DONGGUANSHICHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGTIBIAOGAIZAOWURANWUXUEJIANLILUNZHI

22.png

YOUBIAO2KEZHI,RUOJIANG12ZUOWUSHUICHANGQUANBUTIBIAOZHIZHUNXINⅣLEI,XINZENGCODXUEJIANLIANGYUE3000 t/a、XINZENGANDANXUEJIANLIANGWEI1500 t/a,BIAOMINGTIBIAOGAIZAOYOUXIAOTISHENGLEWUSHUICHULIXIAOYI,DANXIAOGUOBUMINGXIAN。JIANYUQUANGUOWUSHUICHULICHANGYUNYINGGUANLISHUIPINGDEBUDUANTIGAO,WUSHUIPAIFANGJIANDULIDUDEZHUJIANYANGE,DONGGUANSHIBUFENCHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGCHUSHUIDENIANJUNCODHEANDANNONGDUYIJINGDADAOSHENZHIYOUYUZHUNⅣLEIBIAOZHUN,YINCI,BUNENGGENJUSHANGSHUJISUANJIEGUOZUOWEIXINZENGWURANWUXUEJIANLIANG。

WEICI,DUIMUBIAOWUSHUICHULICHANGDECHUSHUIQINGKUANGJINXINGSHENRUFENXI,MUQIANZHIXINGZHUNⅣLEIDEWUSHUICHULICHANGWEISHUIDECODHEANDANJIAQUANPINGJUNZHIFENBIEWEI10.00 mg/LHE0.15 mg/L,JIASHEMUBIAOWUSHUICHULICHANGQUANBUTIBIAOGAIZAOHOUWEISHUIWURANWUDOUNENGDADAOTONGYISHUIPING,ZEXINZENGXUEJIANLIANGSHIJIZHI=(SHIJICHUSHUIJIAQUANPINGJUNZHI-GAIZAOHOUKEWANGDADAOXIANZHI)×WUSHUICHULIGUIMO。GENJUDONGGUANSHICHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGSHIJIYUNXINGPAIFANGQINGKUANG,GEMUBIAOWUSHUICHULICHANGTIBIAOGAIZAODAOZHUNⅣLEICHUSHUIBIAOZHUN,XINZENGCODHEANDANXUEJIANLIANGFENBIEWEI1715.05、125.73 t/a(RUBIAO3SUOSHI)。JIEGUOXIANSHIXIANGDUIYUGAIZAOSUOTOURUDEGONGCHENGFEIYONG,WURANWUXUEJIANXIAONENGTISHENGDEFUDUSHIFENYOUXIAN,TOURUCHANCHUYIJINGBUJUBEIHELIDEJINGJIXIAOYI。

BIAO3 DONGGUANSHICHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGTIBIAOGAIZAOWURANWUXUEJIANSHIJIZHI

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DONGGUANSHISHIZHENGPAISHUIYUANJINGMUBIAOSHISHIXIANCHUQIYUSHUIDEFENLIU,SHIZHENGWUSHUIJINGSHOUJIHOUJINWUSHUICHULICHANGJINXINGCHULI,YUSHUIZEYOUYUSHUIGUANDAOSHOUJI、CHULIHEPAIFANG。MUQIANDONGGUANSHIBUFENCHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGJINSHUIWURANWUNONGDUDIYUSHEJIZHI,WEICIZHENGJIAKUAIHEYONGYANANJIEWUHEWANSHANXIANYOUWUSHUIGUANWANG,JIEJUEBUFENCHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGFUHELVDIHEJINSHUIWURANWUNONGDUPIANDIDENGWENTI,ZHEIYECONGCEMIANSHUOMINGLEDONGGUANSHICHENGZHENWUSHUIGUANWANGCUNZAIHENDATISHENGKONGJIAN。

CONGWURANWUZONGLIANGPINGHENGDEJIAODU,CAIYONGCHANWUXISHUFAGUSUANCHUSUOZAIDIQUXIANGDUIHELIDEJINSHUIWURANWUNONGDU。GENJUGUANGDONGSHENGDONGGUANSHIDECHENGZHENJUMINSHENGHUOWUSHUIJIWURANWU、PAIFANGXISHU,KAOLVDAOSHUSONGGUOCHENGZHONGCODJIANGJIE20%、ANDANJIBENBAOCHIBUBIANDEQINGKUANGXIA,TONGGUOJISUANDECHUXIANGDUIHELIDEJINSHUIWURANWUCODHEANDANNONGDUZUOWEIJINSHUINONGDULILUNZHI,JINERSUANCHUWANSHANWUSHUISHOUJIXITONGJIANGDAILAIDEWURANWUXUEJIANLIANGLILUNZHI,JI:LILUNXINZENGWURANWUXUEJIANLIANG=(JINSHUIWURANWULILUNZHI-JINSHUIWURANWUSHIJIZHI)×WUSHUICHULIGUIMO。

WANSHANWUSHUIGUANWANGKENENGDAILAIDEWURANWUXUEJIANLIANGRUBIAO4SUOSHI,TONGGUODUIXIANZHUANGWUSHUIGUANWANGJINXINGCHALOUBUQUE,LILUNSHANGKEJIANGCODHEANDANDEXUEJIANLIANGFENBIEZENGJIA56570.99 t/aHE11056.60 t/a,FENBIESHIJIANGMUBIAOWUSHUICHULICHANGTIBIAOGAIZAODAOZHUNⅣLEIKEXINZENGXUEJIANLIANGDE33BEIHE88BEI。JIEGUOBIAOMING,WANSHANWUSHUIGUANWANGDEZONGHEXIAOYIGENGJIAXIANZHU。


BIAO4 WANSHANWUSHUIGUANWANGKENENGDAILAIDEWURANWUXUEJIANLIANG

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2.城镇污水处理提质增效投资效益分析

2.1 TOUZIXIAOYIFENXI

SUIZHEDONGGUANZHISHUIGONGZUODEBUDUANFAZHAN,GEPICIJIEWUGUANWANGXIANGJIWANGONGTONGSHUI,CHENGSHIDEJIEWUGUANWANGXITONGDEDAOWANSHAN,WUSHUISHOUJILVTIGAO。DANSHI,XIANJIEDUANPAISHUITIZHIJIBENWEIYUWUHELIUZHI,CHUSHAOSHUXINJIANZHUZHAIXIAOQUHEDAOLUYOUXIANGDUIDULIWANSHANDEFENLIUZHIYU、WUGUANQUWAI,QITADIFANGJIANGWUSHUIGUANDAOZHIJIEJIERUSHIZHENGYUSHUIXITONGHUOZHEFUJINDEHEYONG,DAOZHIHEYONGSHUITISHOUDAOWURAN。LINGWAI,WUSHUICHULICHANGDEJINSHUILIANGHENONGDUDIYUSHEJIZHI,WEINENGFAHUIYINGYOUDEZHIWUXIAOYI。

WEITIGAODONGGUANSHIWUSHUICHULISHESHIYUNYINGGUANLIZHILIANG,BAOZHENGQUANSHIJIEWUGUANWANGYUNYINGDEZHENGTIXING,PANHUOZHUGANGUANWANGCHENDIANZICHAN,SUODUANJIEWUGUANWANGWEIXIU、ZHENGGAISHIJIAN,SHIXIANQUANSHIJIEWUGUANWANGYUNYINGZEQUANTONGYI,《DONGGUANSHICHENGSHIHEICHOUSHUITIZHILIGONGJIANZHANSHISHIFANGAN》YAOQIU:①JIAKUAITUIJINJIEWUGUANWANGJIANSHE,QUANMIANTIGAOWUSHUISHOUJILV。②QUANMIANTIGAOGUANWANGYUNYINGZHILIANG,KAIZHANWUSHUIRUWANGQINGKUANGKANCHA,CHEDIMOQINGGUANWANGXITONGZHONGCUOJIE、LOUJIEYIJIHEYONGSHUIDAOGUANDENGWENTI,WANCHENGXIANYOUWUSHUIGUANWANGGAIZAO,QUEBAOJINSHUINONGDUQUANMIANTISHENG。③SHISHIQUANSHIZHENJIEJIEWUZHUGANGUANWANGJISHIQUWUSHUICHANGPEITAOGUANWANGDEWEIHUWEIXIU、ZHENGGAIGONGZUOYITIHUAYUNYING。

基于前述研究结果,对于城镇污水处理厂出水标准从一级A提标到准Ⅳ类,按照单位投入500元/m3估算;从一级B提升到准Ⅳ类,按照单位投入1000元/m3估算,对污水处理厂提标改造的经济效益进行简单分析。将目标污水处理厂出水标准全面提标到准Ⅳ类,投资约7.01亿元,则污染物削减能力费效比:COD为 40.89 亿元/(104t·a-1),氨氮为 557.54亿元/(104t·a-1)。完善污水管网提升收集效能所需投资约171.13亿元,则污染物削减能力费效比:COD约为30.25亿元/(104t·a-1),氨氮为154.78亿元/(104t·a-1)。

 

众鑫棋牌2.2 TIZHIZENGXIAOCEZHONGDIANFENXI

LIXIANGQINGKUANGXIADECHENGZHENWUSHUICHULITIZHIZENGXIAOTOURUFENXIJIEGUOXIANSHI,TIGAOWUSHUIGUANWANGFUGAILVYIJILAOJIUWUSHUIGUANWANGGAIZAOHEPOSUNXIUFUNENGGOUXIANZHUTISHENGCHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGCOD、ANDANXUEJIANXIAONENG。TONGGUODUIGECHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGSHIJIYUNXINGZHONGJINSHUICOD、ANDANNONGDUYUTOURUCHANCHUFEIXIAOBIJINXINGQUXIANNIHE,FENXIDONGGUANSHIWUSHUICHULITIZHIZENGXIAOCEZHONGDIAN。DONGGUANSHIZHIXINGYIJIBHEYIJIABIAOZHUNDECHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGTISHENGZHIZHUNⅣLEI,NIHEJIEGUORUTU1、2SUOSHI。

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1 城镇污水处理厂一级B提升至准Ⅳ类对COD、氨氮削减效能的影响


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图2 城镇污水处理厂一级A提升至准Ⅳ类对COD、氨氮削减效能的影响


众鑫棋牌YOUCIKEZHI,SUIZHEJINSHUICOD、ANDANNONGDUDESHENGGAO,DUIYINGXUEJIANNENGLIFEIXIAOBIYOUZHUBUJIANGDIDEQUSHI,SHUOMINGTIGAOJINSHUINONGDUDAFUTISHENGLEWURANWUDEXUEJIANNENGLI。YINCI,TONGGUOWANSHANXIANZHUANGWUSHUIGUANDAOHEGAIZAOYUWUHELIUZHIGUANDAOSHITIGAOCHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGJINSHUINONGDUDEZHONGYAOTUJING。

ZONGSHANG,DUIYUDONGGUANSHIWUSHUICHULITIZHIZENGXIAODECEZHONGDIANYINGSHITIGAOJINCHANGWUSHUIDEWURANWUNONGDU,DANYOUYUNANFANGDIXIASHUIWEIGAO、HEWANGFENGFUYIJIPAISHUIXITONGBUWANSHAN,DAOZHINANFANGDIQUCHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGJINSHUIWURANWUNONGDUPUBIANDIYUSHEJIZHI。YINCI,CHENGZHENWUSHUICHULICHANGZHIXINGBIAOZHUNBUNENGMANGMUTIGAO,YAOCHONGFENRENSHIDAOWUSHUIGUANWANGDUIYUWUSHUISHOUJIDEZHONGYAOYIYI,BINGZUOWEIBENCITIZHIZENGXIAODEHEXINGONGZUO。


3.结论

众鑫棋牌① YICHENGZHENPAISHUIXITONGJIANSHEGAIZAOWEITIZHIZENGXIAOCEZHONGDIAN,YOUXIANKAOLVDUIXIANZHUANGWUSHUIGUANWANGJINXINGCHALOUBUQUE,SHIWUSHUICHULICHANGJINSHUISHUILIANGHESHUIZHIZHUBUTISHENGZHISHEJIZHI,WUSHUICHULICHANGYINDIZHIYIJINXINGTIBIAOGAIZAO,ZHUBUTUIGUANG“CHANGWANGBINGZHONG”LINIAN,TUIJINCHANGWANGHELIHUAJIANSHE;YUANQIMUBIAOSHIXIANYUWUFENLIUGAIZAO,YOUHUAYUWUSHUIGUANJIANSHEMOSHI,JIANYIJIEJIAN“YIGUANYIQU”MOSHIZHUBUSHIXIANYUWUFENLIUGAIZAO,BIMIANYUWUSHUIGUANHUNJIE。

众鑫棋牌②MUQIANDONGGUANSHIWUSHUIZHUGANGUANWANGMANFUHEYUNXING,YUJISHISHENZHIYICHUWUSHUIZHIJIEPAIRUHEYONGSHUITI,ZHANGQILEIJIXINGCHENGNANZHILIDEHEICHOUSHUITI,ER“KONGYUANJIEWU”SHICHENGSHIHEICHOUSHUITIZHILIDEGENBENCUOSHI,JIANYISHIJIAN“CHANGWANGYITIHUA”GAINIAN,FAZHANCHANGWANGYITIHUAYUNYINGGUANLIMOSHI,CHONGFENYOUHUAPAISHUIXITONGGONGNENG,DIAOZHENGGECHANGYUNXINGFUHE,JIENENGJIANGHAO,JIANSHAOYUNYINGCHENGBEN,SHIXIANJINGJIXIAOYIZUIDAHUA。

③ ZAIJINGJITIAOJIANHESHIJITIAOJIANYUNXUDEQINGKUANGXIA,KEDAZAODONGGUANSHIDUYOU、XITONG、KEXUEDE“ZHIHUICHANGWANG”PINPAI。XIANJIEDUANDONGGUANSHIZHINENGGUANLIPAISHUIXITONGCHUYUQIBUJIEDUAN,JIANYIYINJINHAIMIANCHENGSHIDEZHIHUIHUALINIAN,YIHAIMIANCHENGSHIWEIHEXINTUIXINGXIANDAIYUHONGGUANLITIXI,ZUOHAOHAIMIANCHENGSHIGUIHUAJIANSHE、YUNXINGGUANLI、JIXIAOPINGJIASANGEJIEDUANDEZHIHUIHUA,YINGYONGXIANJINDEXINXICAIJIJISHU,SHISHIJIANCELIULIANG、LIUSU、SHUIZHIZHIBIAODENG,DAJIANCHANGWANGZHINENGHUAYUNYINGPINGTAI,TIGAOWUSHUISHOUJIHECHULIXIAOLV,YICICHANSHENGJUDADEHUANJING、JINGJI、SHEHUIXIAOYI。


本文刊登于《中国给水排水》2020年第4期,题目:东莞市城镇污水处理提质增效潜力分析,作者:日本作爱视频免费播放 戴永康、罗 锋、温巧贤,转载自中国给水排水微信公众号。




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